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Computers At War In The 70’s And 80’s

he ’70s and the ’80s might be easily described as the ‘laptop warfare’. Every company had a brand new kind of pc, higher than the final that they wished to change the world. Everyone knew it was only a matter of time earlier than one was adopted as the standard, with all the advantages for software program compatibility this would deliver – they usually have been determined for it to be their mannequin that made the big time.

Within the ’70s, two computer systems practically grew to become dominant: the Apple II and the Commodore 64. Both of those computers bought within the tens of millions, inspiring an entire generation – they were used for every little thing from office tasks to games.

It was in 1980, however, that IBM launched its IBM PC, and issues really went crazy. IBM’s PC wasn’t patented. IBM went to a small firm named Microsoft to get an working system for this laptop, and ended up with DOS, but Microsoft was willing to license DOS to anyone else who paid their fee. By 1984, ‘IBM PC compatible’ computer systems had been accessible, and a de facto commonplace was born. Software makers could lastly write their programs for one operating system and one hardware configuration – and anybody computer that didn’t follow the specification to the letter was rapidly left with no packages to run.

In 1990, Microsoft launched Home windows 3.0 (the primary version of Windows to be really profitable), and the PC’s lock on the marketplace was set in stone. The release of the Pentium and Windows ninety five made it lastly the quickest, least expensive and best system round, and it shortly stopped making sense to develop software program for anything else.

From then on, the PC was the dominant pc – immediately, it’s estimated to have between ninety five% and 98% of the market, with almost all the remainder being held by Apple Macintosh computers.

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The Most Common Computer Errors

If you are a computer enthusiast, you dont need to be told about the most common computer problems. However, a majority of people who own a computer dont understand that there are common computer errors that you will begin to experience as your system ages with time. It does not necessarily mean that you should abandon your old PC and look out for buying a new one. On the other hand, it would be best if you gain knowledge about these problems and then find out how to troubleshoot them.

Computer Hangs-Up: You must have seen your computer hanging up. At times, it would have been impossible for you to even get the cursor moved. You should leave the computer for a while and give it some time to do its thing on its own and then you can get back online to finish what you need to do. If it does not come to a normal working condition in few minutes, try rebooting your system. It is not recommended that you do this all the time; however sometimes this is the only way to bring it back to life.

Maintenance problem: Unfortunately, over 75% of computer users dont realize the need to take proper acre of their systems. Poor PC maintenance can lead to nasty technical errors which will keep coming up every now and then, thereby disturbing you in the middle of the work.

Blue Screen Error: This is one of the most complicated computer problems. It would make your system just freeze up or even worse the screen would turn totally blue. It could mean that your machine has a short circuit or it could have acquired a computer virus.

No matter what types of computer problems you are facing, you can get them troubleshoot by computer experts. You can nowadays find a lot of such professionals on the Internet. Such services are known as online computer support. The techs will also offer you valuable information on how to properly maintain your PC.

These resources are available for 24×7 and make sure that your problem gets resolved quickly and you get quality services at the most reasonable rates.

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Multimedia Translation And Localization Qa The Localization Process

Translating multimedia assets during the localization process requires special preparation. Without it, localization projects can run into costly corrections, especially if those multimedia translation errors surface during end-stage quality assurance (QA) testing.

If you take the following precautions during the multimedia translation process, youll not only save money, but the time it takes to complete localization QA testing will be shortened:

1. Define which files need to be localized. Take the time to remove redundant pieces.

2. Do what it takes to ensure that the text in the multimedia translation portions of your software or product can be easily extracted for translation and then reintegrated. Use of XML formatting is common in this part of the localization process.

3. Understand the implications of your animation and take steps to avoid costly creative decisions. For example, dont animate the individual spelling of words, as they will need to be animated for each target language.

4. If possible, focus on vector images, not bitmap. Understand that text strings will impact the overall size of navigation and interface labels. Using vector graphics will permit you to scale these items instead of having to redesign individual assets. Different languages will expand or contract these graphics.

5. When using audio cues, realize how cues should automatically adjust according to longer or shorter localized audio. Also, include timing cues for audio dubbing in the source language script. This way, studio production and reintegration of localized audio will be easier.

6. With multimedia translation, text such as closed captions synchronized with audio should be adaptable for new languages.

7. Always finalize your scripts before production. Re-recording audio in multiple languages is not only costly, but detrimental to your localization timeline.

8. Search your multimedia translation project code for hard-coded text that will require translation and form fields that cannot process foreign language characters.

9. Review all graphics for culture-specific meaning. Currency icons and hand gesture animations do not have universal meaning. When possible, seek alternatives which function in multiple cultures, or find a new way to communicate the underlying idea.

In terms of localization qa, take the time to integrate quality assurance early on. Test one language early in the localization process before you roll out assets in multiple languages. If you wait until the entire multimedia translation project is complete, youll find yourself fixing the same error across every instance of the target market languages. Leverage what you learn early in the localization QA process to inform the remainder of the build.

With these tips in mind, youll not only save money on multimedia translation projects, but youll find the entire localization process a much smoother experience.

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Hazards Of Computer Security

Computer security hazards are a constant and never ending concern for information security managers, especially due to the increasingly deceptive modes of theft and hacking that are being created and developed. When it comes to security for computers, their programs and the information that you are protecting, there is never a moment where you want to find your organization or the management systems it uses are vulnerable or at risk. For this reason, it is crucial that you are always up to date on industry practices and norms, so that you can implement these new and revised techniques with each computer security hazard as they arise and to prevent future instances.

Any training you take to learn to manage computer security hazards and threats for a company and organization should provide you with a comprehensive education on the different types of threats possible, as well as how they function, how to prevent and detect them and how to fix the damage they can cause. You will also need to be informed off the way in which networks operate in order to create the most secure for your company, or if one is already in use, to know how it operates and how to reduce the security hazards that you might face.

Perhaps the most important and useful training you can receive is how to relay risk reduction and management skills to other individuals within the company. The biggest hazard to an organization’s network is the individuals that will be using it daily, and all of these people will need to be made aware of measures that need to be taken and educated in your network’s ability to deal with specific threats. This form of education and management is a vital role in reducing the hazards that can potentially plague the computer security of your firm, which is why it requires full time management. If you are able to combine your technical skills with great people and communication skills, this might be the best role for yourself in the field and present more opportunities for you career wise.

If you are considering a career in computer security management, training on the hazards to these networks is an important and integral part of that education. Because it is a field that is high in demand, the career possibilities and opportunities are great. Invest the time and energy in educating yourself about all aspects of this path in order to give yourself the best advantage when it comes time to look for employment. Employers are always looking for individuals with a wide breadth of understanding and knowledge surrounding the networks that they create to best serve their clients in order to grow and remain successful.

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How To Fully Clean A Virus Off Your Computer

If you are anything like I am, you have been infected by at least one virus and occasionally have a really hard time removing it. I will show you to remove these tough viruses without having to rebuild your computer or pay someone big money to do so.

Ok so you notice your computer is running very slow. You run your virus scan software and find one or more viruses. You clean them up and your computer still runs slow. You cant figure out why so you run another scan and find out that the same virus is still on your computer. How does this happen?

Basically, there are viruses that will drop into protected system files or startup files that hide within your computer. Sometimes they cannot be removed without rebuilding your computer but there are a few ways around this.

First things first, get a computer toolkit ready to destroy the virus on multiple levels. I recommend a spybot scanner, adware scanner, and virus scan. Plus it always helps to have a strong registry cleaner. Once you have all of these tools ready to go, get them updated fully and download the latest versions of each if possible. After you have updated all of these tools DISCONNECT your internet connection from the computer.

It is essential to disconnect from the internet because most of the imbedded viruses will connect to their host site after the main piece is removed and will download and install itself again without you knowing. Run all of your scan utilities first and restart your computer after they have finished. Once the computer is started up, run the scans once more and restart if the virus is back. If you cannot remove the virus within three restarts, further action is required and will more than likely result in a rebuild.

If you remove it, run a registry clean to remove any leftover tag files. This will also help speed up your computer slightly. Refer to my article 5 Easy Tips To Keep Your Computer Running Smooth And Safe for more computer optimization tips. Restart once more and connect to the internet once more. You should run one more scan to verify the virus is gone. If it is we are ready to go. If it isnt removed you will have to take a couple more steps.
Use your scan utilities to find out exactly where the files are located and remove them from the registry. Be warned that removing registry files can break your operating system.

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Multimedia Laptop Asus N55s Review

Asus launched N55S and this laptop is a multimedia laptop many users may like. This multimedia powerhouse has a full HD display, Blu-ray writer, bang speakers, plus a 2GB Nvidia graphics card for playing the latest games. Many users like it because of the excellent anti-glare full HD screen, great performance, and decent speakers. But many may still be disappointed by the strange keyboard and loud touchpad buttons. And the following are some details about this laptop.

In terms of the overall design, the N55S is constructed of plastic and reasonably strong plastic at that; the palm rest barely flexes when pressed down upon. I’m greatly appreciative that ASUS used anti-glare plastic instead of glossy plastic, which is all too common on consumer notebooks. Chassis flex is average for a consumer notebook; nothing alarming, however. Fit and finish is good; there are no uneven gaps between parts or sharp edges.

In terms of laptop screen, the N55S has an excellent display compared to most consumer notebooks. This 15.6-inch model has a full HD resolution (1920×1080 pixels) which is appropriate given the notebook includes a Blu-ray drive and is designed for multimedia. Another admirable characteristic of the display is its anti-glare coating; this is more practical than a glossy coating since there are no reflections. The 1920×1080 resolution is excellent and the highest available on a 15.6-inch display. There is plenty of room to use two windows side-by-side and much less scrolling is required in web pages and programs like Microsoft Word since more lines of text are viewable at the same time.

In terms of laptop keyboard, the N55S has a keyboard that is best described as “strange”. It is traditionally styled; the keys don’t have extra spacing between them as they do on a ‘Chiclet’ or island-style keyboard. The key surface is flat with a downward-sloped front and has a nice smooth matte surface. Tactile feedback is good if a bit lifeless; more or less it’s pleasant to type. The keyboard is sufficiently quiet not to disturb neighbors.

And in terms of laptop battery life, the N55S lasted four hours and five minutes during our standard battery rundown test. This is a respectable time for a high-performance notebook like this one especially considering it has a quad-core processor. The Nvidia Optimus technology allows the N55S to switch to the low-power integrated Intel graphics and turn off the high-performance Nvidia GeForce graphics card when not needed to conserve power.

Taking all the above into conclusion, the ASUS N55S is a good value and a good buy. It has a great full HD display, good looks, and decent build quality. The performance is excellent; this notebook is more than capable of playing the latest games. Most of the cons for this notebook can be summed up as could have been better rather than simply bad.

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Build Computer Rack At Home Tips For DIY Techies

The increasing popularity of the computer rack both in home and office IT setup has led to its availability in the market. Though you can buy most any type you desire, you can save money by building your own computer rack. We have listed several DIY tips that can save you time and money.

Decide on the depth:
While most all racks come in a standard 19-inch EIA size, there is no standard for depth. Always keep this is mind when you are planning to design your computer rack at home. Measure your deepest hardware so you know how far you’re your rear rackrails need to be.

Measure in rack units:
Use rack units (U) to measure the height of the computer rack that you are designing. This would help you to get the accurate size. A rack unit (U) equals 1.75 inches. For instance, a common full-size rack size is 42U which equals 73.5 inches. Rackmount hardware is sold as a (U) size as well. It is common to see a 1U or 2U designation for a specific piece of hardware. This is a shorthand method of adding to see how much room is left when you are planning.

Building your computer rack frame:
You can buy pre-punched rack rails or make them yourself. If you make them, it is important to use the correct hole patterns. The two most common are universal and EIA. Universal hole patters are 5/8, 5/8, repeated and EIA are 1 , repeated. Common thread sizes are 10/32 and 12/24. 11 gauge steel is suggested when making threaded holes.

Specific power requirements:
Before designing your computer rack, decide on the density of power that will be required. Depending on your hardware configuration, you can determine if a vertical or rackmount powerstrips are best.

These are important factors that should be taken into consideration while designing or making a computer rack at home. Keep yourself tuned in to more articles by this author to know about the other things that are to be kept in mind for designing racks for computers at home.

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Removing Virus in Your Computer

Nowadays, there are a lot computer virus removal software that have been proven to really do the job. Some can be easily downloaded through the internet while others have to be purchased. For the downloadable ones, it will be just a matter of minutes and the anti-virus is already working on your computer.

Before you go and download anti-virus programs, you have to look into the specific details of it. Others offer more features and keeps your computer much more protected, so choose the one which will really offer you with the best defense against computer virus.

For the ones which have to be purchased in stores, these usually comes in CDs which will be used for installation. Most of the computer virus removal programs already include antivirus and antispyware installer.

It is a brilliant idea to regularly scan your computer for viruses as this will make sure that your computer files and programs are really safe. There are a few common indicators which will let you know that your computer has virus.

If your computer is not responding as fast as it should or if the programs are already working too slowly, this can be because your computer has been infected by virus. Files which you cannot access because it is corrupted can also mean that it contains computer virus. Lastly, another indication of a computer virus is when your computer constantly opens websites which you are not trying to access.

Determine if your computer is infected or not so you can prevent more serious damage to your files and programs. If it is infected, you can easily solve this problem by using your anti-virus software and allowing it to clean up your computer virus. That is, if your computer has not been seriously damaged yet. It is also important to constantly update your anti-virus software so that it would be more efficient in eradicating virus. Whether you are using an anti-virus program which is downloaded or installed through a CD, always make sure that you have the latest version. This is best for detecting even the latest viruses.

Computer virus removal is easy if you just have enough knowledge on computers. Search through the internet first for the best names when it comes to anti-virus software.

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Motorola RAZR2 V8 – A Multimedia Phone from the Motorola Kitty

Mobile phones are an integral part of many of our lives. It is almost impossible to find a person who is not using a mobile phone in the present context. Undoubtedly, there are exceptions and people in developing and poor regions of the globe do not fall within purview of this generalised comment. However, an average person leading an average life is expected to possess a mobile handset; he is also expected to use it to remain connected with his friends, colleagues and family members, even when he is on the move.

The point is that there is a more than adequate demand for innovative mobile phones. Moreover, the leading handset manufacturers are doing all that it takes to cater to the same to the best of their abilities. Motorola for one, is involved in the design and development of high-end mobile phones that can be used for quite a bit more than just calling, messaging or communicating. The Motorola RAZR2 V8 can be taken as a case in point.

Motorola RAZR2 V8 is a slick mobile handset from the Motorola kitty. The great looks of the handset would whet the curiosity of fashion conscious phone users. The wide array of high-end multimedia features and comprehensive connectivity options would ensure that their interest in this Motorola mobile is not without reason.

As a matter of fact, the Motorola RAZR2 V8 is a fun handset to acquire and use; it comes with quite a few avenues for mobile entertainment. Music management is easy with the Windows Media Player. A simple touch is all that it takes to access the different music options. The external display of the handset comes with a touch screen that is easy to use. Users are also able to transfer music files – thanks to the integrated USB 2.0 technology. The connectivity options are equally exhaustive. The handset can be used over GSM networks. Moreover, high speed data transfer is possible due to the incorporation of EDGE technology.

Raina Kelsey is an expert author, and writes about latest gadgets.
Motorola RAZR2 V8 contract
Motorola Mobile Phones

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Crime Fighting Computer Systems And Databases

As crime globalizes, so does crime fighting. Mobsters, serial killers, and terrorists cross state lines and borders effortlessly, making use of the latest advances in mass media, public transportation, telecommunications, and computer networks. The police – there are 16,000 law enforcement agencies in the Unites States alone – is never very far behind.

Quotes from the official Web pages of some of these databases:

National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime (NCAVC)

Its mission is to combine investigative and operational support functions, research, and training in order to provide assistance, without charge, to federal, state, local, and foreign law enforcement agencies investigating unusual or repetitive violent crimes. The NCAVC also provides support through expertise and consultation in non-violent matters such as national security, corruption, and white-collar crime investigations.

It comprises the Behavioral Analysis Unit (BAU), Child Abduction and Serial Murder Investigative Resources Center (CASMIRC), and Violent Criminal Apprehension Program (VICAP).

VICAP is a nationwide data information center designed to collect, collate, and analyze crimes of violence – specifically murder. It collates and analyzes the significant characteristics of all murders, and other violent offenses.

Homicide Investigation Tracking System (HITS)

A program within the Washington state’s Attorney General’s Office that tracks and investigates homicides and rapes.

Violent Crime Linkage System (ViCLAS)

Canada-wide computer system that assists specially trained investigators to identify serial crimes and criminals by focusing on the linkages that exist among crimes by the same offender. This system was developed by the RCMP (Royal Canadian Mounted Police) in the early 1990s.

UTAP, stands for The Utah Criminal Tracking and Analysis Project

Gathers experts from forensic science, crime scene analysis, psychiatry and other fields to screen unsolved cases for local law enforcement agencies.

International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO) – Interpol’s DNA Gateway

Provides for the transfer of profile data between two or more countries and for the comparison of profiles that conform to Interpol standards in a centralized database. Investigators can access the database via their Interpol National Central Bureau (NCB) using Interpol’s secure global police communications system, I-24/7.

Interpol’s I-24/7

Global communication system to connect its member countries and provide them with user-friendly access to police information. Using this system, Interpol National Central Bureaus (NCBs) can search and cross-check data in a matter of seconds, with direct and immediate access to databases containing critical information (ASF Nominal database of international criminals, electronic notices, stolen motor vehicles, stolen/lost/counterfeit travel and ID documents, stolen works of art, payment cards, fingerprints and photographs, a terrorism watch list, a DNA database, disaster victim identification, international weapons tracking and trafficking in human beings-related information, etc).

Interpol Fingerprints

Provides information on the development and implementation of fingerprinting systems for the general public and international law enforcement entities.

Europol (European Union’s criminal intelligence agency) Computer System (TECS)

Member States can directly input data into the information system in compliance with their national procedures, and Europol can directly input data supplied by non EU Member States and third bodies. Also provides analyses and indexing services.